Interacting with External Programs
File Management Utilities
Copy a file:
EXECUTE COPYFILE :source, :destination;
[22.1] (Requires up to date BIN folder)
When using copyfile to the MAIL or SYNC system folders, there is no need to create folders ahead of time. The system will automatically create them as necessary. Note that the names of created folders are always in lowercase (even if specified in UPPERCASE).
Download a file from the Internet:
EXECUTE COPYFILE '-i', :url, :tofile, timeout, [:msgfile\];
Move a file:
EXECUTE MOVEFILE :f1,:f2;
Delete a file:
EXECUTE DELWINDOW 'f',:f1;
Create a new folder:
EXECUTE MAKEDIR :dir;
Display the date of a given file:
EXECUTE GETDATE 'path/file_name', :$.STK;
Example of use in a procedure step:
LINK STACK TO :$.STK; ERRMSG 1 WHERE :RETVAL <= 0; EXECUTE GETDATE 'path/file_name', :$.STK; :FILEDATE = 0; SELECT ELEMENT INTO :FILEDATE FROM STACK WHERE ELEMENT 0; UNLINK STACK;
Display the size of a given file:
EXECUTE GETSIZE 'path/file_name', :$.STK;
Example of use in a procedure step:
LINK STACK TO :$.STK; ERRMSG 500 WHERE :RETVAL <= 0; EXECUTE GETSIZE 'path/file_name', :$.STK; :FILESIZE = 0; SELECT ELEMENT INTO :FILESIZE FROM STACK WHERE ELEMENT 0; UNLINK STACK;
Browsing the Contents of a Folder
EXECUTE FILELIST :DIR,:ST6,:MSG ['-f' | '-R'];
The FILELIST program browses the contents of a specified folder. It is very useful, for example, when you want to create an automatic procedure (to be run by the Tabula Task Scheduler) that checks the contents of a folder and loads certain files from that folder into Priority tables.
The following code is used when you have an external program that creates files in one of your system folders, and the files contain data of new sales orders that you need to load into Priority. It is assumed that the files to be loaded are named as follows: loadorder1201061355.load (where the number represents the date and time the file was created).
By default, FILELIST loads the results to the STACK6 table, however you can use the ‘-f’ flag to load the results to the STACK_ERR table, where it also contains data on file size.
EXECUTE FILELIST :DIR,:STK_ERR,:MSG, '-f';
The ‘-R’ flag also uses the STACK_ERR table. When used, it will recursively search within sub-folders of the specified folder. It will only list files (no directories), including the sub-folders necessary to reach the file.
EXECUTE FILELIST :DIR,:STK_ERR,:MSG, '-R';
Data mapping for each table:
|TYPE||Type of record: F file; D directory; L pagination information|
|NUM||Timestamp (as integer)|
|CHARDATA||Type of record: F file; D directory; L pagination information|
|INTDATA1||Timestamp (as integer)|
|INTDATA2||File size in bytes|
:DIR = '../../tmpDir'; SELECT SQL.TMPFILE INTO :ST6 FROM DUMMY; SELECT SQL.TMPFILE INTO :MSG FROM DUMMY; EXECUTE FILELIST :DIR,:ST6,:MSG; /* In the linked file of the STACK6 table, you will find all files and folders under the input directory :DIR. */ LINK STACK6 TO :ST6; GOTO 99 WHERE :RETVAL <= 0; DECLARE NEWFILES CURSOR FOR SELECT TOLOWER(NAME) FROM STACK6 WHERE TOLOWER(NAME) LIKE ' loadorder*'; OPEN NEWFILES; GOTO 90 WHERE :RETVAL <= 0; :FILENAME = ''; :TOFILENAME = '../../system/load/Example.load'; LABEL 10; FETCH NEWFILES INTO :FILENAME; GOTO 85 WHERE :RETVAL <= 0; :PATH = STRCAT(:DIR,'/',:FILENAME); /* now the variable :path holds the filename */ /* there are 2 options to execute the DBLOAD */ /* option 1: */ EXECUTE COPYFILE :PATH, :TOFILENAME; /* here you need to make sure you define the load Example.load */ EXECUTE DBLOAD '-L', 'Example.load'; /* option 2: add two more parameters to the DBLOAD program; these parameters tell the DBLOAD program to load the file that comes after the -i option */ EXECUTE DBLOAD '-L', 'Example.load', -i, :PATH; LOOP 10; LABEL 85; CLOSE NEWFILES; LABEL 90; UNLINK STACK6; LABEL 99;
FILELIST on the Public Cloud (AWS)
On the public cloud, each FILELIST call is limited to 1000 files. To let you know whether you’ve reached the last page of results, another special record is retrieved with a type of L. When it’s value is 1, all results have been retrieved. If the value is 0, there are more results to retrieve. In this case you should
UNLINK AND REMOVE the linked table (STACK6 or STACK_ERR), then rerun the FILELIST command. The next 1000 results will be retrieved. Repeat this until you’ve found the file you need or reached the end of results.
Note: The SHELLEX command is supported by the Windows client only.
Open a file using the default application for that file type (SHELLEX):
:file = 'c:\test.doc'; EXECUTE SHELLEX :file; /* if MS-Word is the default application for files of type *doc*, opens the c:\test.doc* file in Word */ :file = 'www.google.com'; EXECUTE SHELLEX :file`/* will open default browser and redirect to the URL specified in :file */
Open a folder in Windows Explorer (SHELLEX):
:file = 'c:\temp'; EXECUTE SHELLEX :file;
Return a random value in decimal or hexadecimal format (PRANDOM):
EXECUTE PRANDOM :file, :outtype; /*to return a hexadecimal, use Y as the outtype parameter; to return a decimal, specify anything other than Y */
Example of use in a procedure step:
SELECT SQL.TMPFILE INTO :STK1 FROM DUMMY; SELECT SQL.TMPFILE INTO :STK2 FROM DUMMY; EXECUTE PRANDOM :STK1, 'Y'; EXECUTE PRANDOM :STK2, ''; LINK STACK4 S1 TO :STK1; GOTO 1 WHERE :RETVAL <= 0; LINK STACK4 S2 TO :STK2; GOTO 1 WHERE :RETVAL <= 0; SELECT DETAILS AS 'RANDOM HEXA' FROM STACK4 S1 WHERE KEY = 1 FORMAT; SELECT DETAILS AS 'RANDOM DECIMAL' FROM STACK4 S2 WHERE KEY = 1 FORMAT; UNLINK STACK4 S1; UNLINK STACK4 S2; LABEL 1; Output: ```sql RANDOM HEXA --------------------------------------------------------- 81F5D3AB68A937242E9D888E84924A3C3F22B3261B119A69B49B4936 RANDOM DECIMAL --------------------------------------------------------- 18921701411761541617713724720340145117226422542353165233
Running an External Application (WINAPP)
The WINAPP command allows you to run any application (.exe file) and to define parameters for it (e.g., a Priority field). The command must be included in an SQLI step of a Priority procedure and should have the following structure:
- EXECUTE WINAPP
The full path in which the external program is located
Note: In the web interface, the WINAPP command can only run external programs if they are located in the BIN.95 folder of the server.
- The -w parameter (optional). This parameter causes WINAPP to wait until the external program is completed before returning to Priority.
- The command that runs the application (i.e., the program name, with or without the .exe suffix)
- Any desired parameter for the external program
- Any Priority parameters that serve as input to the external program.
Strict attention must be paid to the proper punctuation in the command line (see examples below):
- Use a comma ( , ) to separate command segments.
- Record single quote marks ( ' ) before and after each command segment.
- Add a semi-colon (; ) at the end of the command line.
Examples: To run MS-Word:
EXECUTE WINAPP 'C:\Program Files\Microsoft Office\Office', 'WINWORD.EXE';
To open the tabula.inifile in Notepad and return to Priority only once the user closes Notepad:
EXECUTE WINAPP 'C:\Windows', '-w','notepad','tabula.ini';
Executing Priority Commands from an External Application (WINRUN)
Using the WINRUN command, you can execute any Priority entity from the DOS command prompt. To do so, use the following syntax (parameters are explained below):
x:\priority\bin.95\winrun "" username password x:\priority\system\prep company -nbg ‑err errfile command arguments –var:VARA "first var value" –var:VARB "second var value"
- x is the drive on which Priority is located. If you are not running this command from the server, x is the network drive on which Priority is located on the server.
- The second parameter is two double quote marks ( " ).
- company is the name of the Priority company in which you are executing the command.
- -nbg — Use this option if you want the entity to run in the foreground, rather than the background.
- -err errfile — Use this option when executing a procedure using the WINPROC or WINACTIV commands if you want to have error messages sent to the specified error file instead of being displayed on screen.
- The command that runs the entity (e.g., WINFORM, WINACTIV),
followed by the argument(s) required for the specified command. For example:
- To open a form, use the WINFORM command, where the argument is the internal name of the form to be opened.
- To run a procedure or report, use the WINACTIV or WINPROC commands, where the first argument is either -P for a procedure or -R for a report that is run without an accompanying procedure, and the second argument is the internal name of the procedure/report.
- To run an interface, use the INTERFACE command, where the first argument is the name of the interface and the second is the name of the temporary file in which to store load messages.
- -var VARNAME "var value" —- Use this option when
executing a procedure to input a variable for use by the procedure.
To access this variable, the procedure must contain an :EXTERNAL.VARNAME variable that matches the specified VARNAME.
- The WINRUN command will run on the Priority installation referred to in the C:\Windows\tabula.ini file on the workstation from which the command is run. To work with a different tabula.ini file, add the command:
where xxx is the name of the file in question.
- When executing the WINACTIV command with the -err errfile option, only preliminary messages will be written to the specified file (i.e., messages that are not generated by the procedure itself, but from preliminary programs, such as those that check for problems with your license and/or user privileges). Messages generated by the procedure during runtime are written to the ERRMSGS table. Messages are recorded to this table for the USER that executed the WINRUN command and with the TYPE = 'V'.
Examples: In the following examples, Priority is installed on the server in the d drive, which is mapped on the workstation as drive p. The WINRUN command is run in the demo company for the tabula user, whose password is XYZabc1. To open the Sales Orders form from the workstation:
p:\priority\bin.95\winrun "" tabula XYZabc1 p:\priority\system\prep demo WINFORM ORDERS
To run the Overnight Backflush-New Transact program from the server:
d:\priority\bin.95\winrun "" tabula XYZabc1 d:\priority\system\prep demo WINACTIV -P BACKFLUSH_ONNEW
To run the interface that loads sales orders from the server:
d:\priority\bin.95\winrun "" tabula XYZabc1 d:\priority\system\prep demo INTERFACE LOADORDERS d:\priority\tmp\messages.txt
Click for information on additional advanced programming tools.