Flow Control

Flow Control Commands

Flow control commands are used to affect execution flow, mainly in long sequences of SQL commands (e.g., form triggers). They include:

  • GOTO — causes a jump forward to a given label when the statement is successful
  • LOOP — causes a jump backward to a given label when the statement is successful
  • LABEL — signifies the place at which to continue execution of SQL statements after a GOTO or LOOP command has been encountered. The label number must be identical to that specified for the appropriate GOTO or LOOP command.
  • SLEEP — signifies the number of seconds to pause before continuing; generally, used when waiting for a response from an external device
  • GOSUB — causes a jump to a specific sub-routine.
    Note: Sub-routines can receive an identifier number from 1-999999.
  • SUB — signifies the beginning of a sub-routine; no commands from here until the next RETURN command will be executed unless specifically called by a GOSUB command
  • RETURN — ends the sub-routine and continues with the statement following the appropriate GOSUB command
  • END — discontinues execution of SQL statements
  • ERRMSG — causes failure and prints out an error message on screen; used in form triggers, step queries (in procedures) and load queries
  • WRNMSG — prints out a warning message on screen; used in form triggers, step queries and load queries

    Note: When used in a step query, this does not necessarily delay the procedure execution flow in the Priority web interface. To ensure interruption of execution flow, use the CONTINUE basic command (see Procedure Steps).

  • REFRESH— refreshes screen with updated values after data manipulation; used only in form triggers
  • MAILMSG— sends a message by internal mail to a user or group of users, or by external mail to one or more e-mail addresses; can include an attachment

Syntax of the Flow Control Commands

See Syntax Conventions.

The syntax of each of these commands is as follows:

  • GOTO label_number [ WHERE condition ];
  • LOOP label_number [ WHERE condition ];
  • LABEL label_number;
  • SLEEP number_of_seconds;
  • GOSUB sub_number [ WHERE condition ];
  • SUB sub_number;
  • RETURN;
  • END [ WHEREcondition ];
  • ERRMSG msg_number [ WHERE condition ];
  • WRNMSG msg_number [ WHERE condition ];
  • REFRESH 1;
  • MAILMSG msg_number TO { USER | GROUP | EMAIL } ‘recipient’ [ DATA ‘attachment_filename’ ] [ WHERE condition ];

Usually, the MAILMSG command retrieves the e-mail's subject and content from the message specified in the msg_number argument, and any file specified in the [ DATA attachment_filename ] option will be included as an attachment. However, you can also have the MAILMSG command create an e-mail on the basis of an existing HTML document by using a msg_number argument that indicates an empty message and using the [ DATA attachment_filename ] option to indicate an HTML attachment.

Notes:

  • If you use this option, the attachment indicated by the attachment_filename argument must be an HTML file.
  • If you are working on a Unicode installation, the HTML attachment should be saved in a Unicode-compliant format.

If a value has been assigned to the :_REPLYTOEMAIL variable, the MAILMSG command sends the e-mail using that value as the reply-to e-mail address. This setting overrides any default reply-to e-mail address defined for the message.

Note: This setting is applied only if you have set up external mail without Outlook.

Examples of Usage

This example illustrates the following:

  • declare and open a cursor
  • if the open fails, go to end
  • if it succeeds, fetch the next record
  • use of sub routine
  • as long as there are more records to be fetched, execute the designated data manipulations on each record
  • once there are no more records, close the cursor
  • end execution.
DECLARE C CURSOR FOR ...
OPEN C;
GOTO 9 WHERE :RETVAL = 0; /* Open failed; no record meets condition */
LABEL 1; 
FETCH C INTO ...
GOTO 8 WHERE :RETVAL = 0; /* No more fetched records */

'Database manipulations with the fetched fields; usually updates of some sort'

GOSUB 100 WHERE ...;
LOOP 1;
LABEL 8;
CLOSE C;
LABEL 9;
END;
SUB 100;

'More database manipulations with the fetched fields'

RETURN;

Note: In this example the sub-routine is defined at the end. You can also define the sub-routine at the beginning of the text.

Using Sub-routines

Sub-routines are useful, for example, for loading data. The SUB command (together with an accompanying integer) marks the beginning of the sub-routine; the RETURN command signifies its end. Sub-routines are only executed when specifically called by the appropriate GOSUB command. Thus, GOSUB 1 calls up SUB 1, GOSUB 2 calls up SUB 2, and so on. Once RETURN is encountered, execution continues from the statement following the relevant GOSUB command.

Sub-routines can receive an identifier number from 1-999,999.

Further Reading